The Oral Well being Basis is in favour of the fluoridation of public ingesting water provides to enhance oral well being. 

The Basis believes that fluoridation is an important single measure that the UK Authorities can take to deliver a considerable change within the nation’s oral well being.

The promotional and lobbying work of the British Fluoridation Society and the Nationwide Alliance for Fairness in Dental Well being is backed by the Basis.

At the moment solely 11 % of the UK inhabitants profit from fluoridated water. The advantages of fluoridation to those communities are evidenced by their place on the prime of dental well being ‘league tables’.

The Basis is campaigning for the widespread introduction of fluoridated water to the remainder of the UK.

Because the privatisation of Britain’s water business, the water firms have been reluctant to introduce fluoridation, regardless of widespread group and political help. They concern that litigation from the small, unrepresentative, however nonetheless vociferous opponents of fluoride could be pricey and time-consuming.

The Basis is asking for Authorities to facilitate the fast introduction of fluoride into the nation’s water provides, significantly in areas of social and financial deprivation.

Current Scientific Evaluations

A variety of high-level scientific opinions of fluoridation have taken place not too long ago which reinforce the Basis’s place.

The College of York Centre for Evaluations and Dissemination carried out an in depth survey of analysis on Fluoridation[1].

The report reviewed numerous analysis research and concluded that there was a mean 15 % enhance within the variety of caries-free kids in communities with fluoridated water. The report additionally mentioned there was proof that fluoridation helped to cut back dental inequalities in kids.

The Medical Analysis Council’s Water Fluoridation Working Group appeared into plenty of points raised by the York Report and printed a paper[2] which recognized plenty of areas for additional analysis:

  • Hyperlinks with hip fractures (as a result of fluoride is deposited in bone).
  • Hyperlinks with most cancers (significantly osteosarcoma).
  • Potential variations within the bioavailability of naturally occurring fluoride and artificially added fluoride (as a result of among the present information is predicated on areas with naturally excessive ranges of fluoride).

Bone fractures

A assessment of 29 research of fluoride and fractures, with 55 estimates of fracture threat, confirmed no impact of fluoride.

Most cancers

A assessment of research – together with 26 most cancers research cited within the York Report – discovered solely two which confirmed a statistically important impact from fluoridation. One in every of these confirmed a decrease incidence and the opposite confirmed a better incidence. The most important ever research, carried out by the US Nationwide Most cancers Institute, confirmed no enhance in most cancers incidence or mortality related to fluoridation. The general conclusion is that there isn’t any affiliation between fluoridation and most cancers threat.

Dental fluorosis

The York Report confirmed a doubling of aesthetically important dental fluorosis in fluoridated areas. Nonetheless, additional investigation has forged doubt upon this as a result of the assessment included research which might have skewed the outcomes. They included research of areas within the US the place Normal Practioner applications distributed further fluoride dietary supplements in fluoridated areas, and research of areas with excessive ranges of pure fluoride in growing international locations with important malnutrition within the inhabitants. Furthermore, intensive analysis accomplished within the US within the 1940’s in naturally fluoridated areas confirmed that aesthetically important dental fluorosis didn’t happen till fluoride ranges had been over 1.9ppm – double that advisable for synthetic fluoridation. Additional evaluation of the York information has additionally proven that the instances of considerable fluorosis had been present in research of naturally fluoridated water, and never in artificially fluoridated water. (This can be as a result of naturally fluoridated water generally accommodates larger ranges of fluoride than these advisable for synthetic fluoride.)


Naturally occurring fluoride and artificially added fluoride each kind fluoride ion in water – there isn’t any chemical distinction. Hint impurities in added fluoride are ruled by CEN requirements. Analysis has proven that fluoride added to water within the UK accommodates solely 10% of the permitted ranges of those impurities, and in water they’re only one% of the permitted degree – a negligible degree in observe.

An intensive assessment by the Irish Authorities[3] into its fluoridation programme concluded that fluoridation at 1ppm has been very useful for the nation’s dental well being, and has not adversely affected well being in different methods. It additionally famous an increase in dental fluorosis. The report advisable fluoridation ought to be continued, however that the extent of be lowered to 0.7ppm as this could proceed to supply the advantages whereas decreasing the incidence of fluorosis.

Dr Nigel Carter, Chief Govt of the Oral Well being Basis mentioned “As a dental practitioner I used to work on the borders of fluoridated Birmingham and non-fluoridated Sandwell.  The decay and struggling of the Sandwell kids was exceptional in distinction to the decay-free mouths of the Birmingham kids.

“Nonetheless, for the reason that water in Sandwell has been fluoridated it has moved from close to the underside of the dental well being league to the highest ten.

“The Basis want to see all kids all through the nation getting the therapy that they deserve to enhance total dental well being.”

For additional data contact the Oral Well being Basis Public Relations Division on 01788 53979, or [email protected].

[1] NHS CRD (2000) A Systematic Evaluate of Public Water Fluoridation (CRD Report No.18), York, UK, NHS Centre for Evaluate and Dissemination, College of York. [Available at]

[2] Medical Analysis Council (2002) Medical Analysis Council Working Group Report: Water Fluoridation and Well being, London, Medical Analysis Council [Available at]

[3] Discussion board on Fluoridation (2002) Report of the Discussion board on Fluoridation 2002, Stationery Workplace, Dublin. [Available at:]